Specification legal definition of Specification

The right to a patent of an improvement is restricted to the improvement itself and does not include the process, machine, or article improved. Upon expiration of the term, the invention becomes public property and is freely available for use, reproduction, or sale. Patents can be extended for up to five years under limited circumstances, including interference proceedings , secrecy orders, and appellate review.

  • When an inventor who first conceives of an invention exercises reasonable diligence in reducing it to practice, she will receive a patent, even if the inventor who was second to conceive of the idea was faster in reducing it to practice.
  • Prescriptive specifications define the requirements using generic or proprietary descriptions of what is required, whereas performance specifications focus on the outcomes rather than the characteristics of the components.
  • How they fail tests when there is no specification, I literally have no idea.
  • PCMag.com is a leading authority on technology, delivering lab-based, independent reviews of the latest products and services.
  • A disclaimer is the voluntary abandonment of some portion of a patent claim that would render it invalid for lack of novelty.
  • Infringement is the unauthorized making, using, or selling for practical use or for profit an invention covered by a patent.

These legacy systems frequently cause issues because, frankly, they weren’t built to manage the granular data in specifications and the relationships between them. These issues often result from a lack of version control, which can result in both internal and external stakeholders not being on the same page. You need ingredients, the recipe, a glass, and a blender, which are all specifications of the product, your smoothie.

How to say spécification in sign language?

U.S. law requires that patent applications be filed in the name of and signed by the actual inventor or inventors. If one of the actual inventors is deceased, then the patent application may proceed in the names of the other inventors, but the application must still properly identify all inventors. The legal controversy surrounding DNA patenting intensified during 1988 when Congress initiated the Human Genome Project , a 15-year, $3 billion dollar research project designed to map and sequence the entire human genome.

definition of specification

Without such specification, it remains unclear why some changes made in conversation lead to corrections, and others don’t. However, the transformation tools support symbolic reasoning, which may be used to explore the meaning of a specification at a much higher level of abstraction. Representatives tell us that the Gravity configurator will open in early 2023, at which time more specification and configuration details will be revealed. Take all that into consideration and its little wonder that this one-of-two LM specification examples sold for just shy of $20 million in 2019. The Vinfast VF 8 has a potent specification, including an 82kWh battery, up to 402hp and 0-62mph in as little as 5.5 seconds. A similar approach is adopted by the food manufacturing, of which Codex Alimentarius ranks the highest standards, followed by regional and national standards.

specification | Business English

NBS master specifications provide content that is broad and comprehensive, and delivered using software functionality that enables specifiers to customize the content to suit the needs of the project and to keep up to date. A design or product specification describes the features of the solutions for the Requirement Specification, referring to either a designed solution or final produced solution. Sometimes the term specification is here used in connection with a data sheet , which may be confusing. A data sheet describes the technical characteristics of an item or product, often published by a manufacturer to help people choose or use the products. A data sheet is not a technical specification in the sense of informing how to produce. In the ordered industrial software engineering life-cycle , functional specification describes what has to be implemented.

definition of specification

This section is located in the manufacturer specification data, which might provide information about your car’s model, body type, restraint system, gearbox type, and engine code. For instance, when two applications share Unicode data, but use different normal forms or use them incorrectly, in an incompatible way or without sharing a minimum set of interoperability specification, errors and data loss can result. For example, Mac OS X has many components that prefer or require only decomposed characters (thus decomposed-only Unicode encoded with UTF-8 is also known as “UTF8-MAC”). In one specific instance, the combination of OS X errors handling composed characters, and the samba file- and printer-sharing software , has led to confusing and data-destroying interoperability problems. The United States’ Federal Acquisition Regulation governing procurement for the federal government and its agencies stipulates that a copy of the drawings and specifications must be kept available on a construction site.

In addition, specifications can be “closed” with a specific list of products, or “open” allowing for substitutions made by the Contractor. Most construction specifications are a combination of performance-based and proprietary types, naming acceptable manufacturers and products while also specifying certain standards and design criteria that must be met. Although specifications are usually issued by the architect’s office, specification writing itself is undertaken by the architect and the various engineers or by specialist specification writers. Specification writers are either employees of or sub-contractors to architects, engineers, or construction management companies.

At Specright, we like to say, “If you get the spec right, the rest follows.” But don’t just take our word for it. Hear from our customers on the value they’re achieving from a spec-first approach. “Now it takes me longer to draft an email to my co-manufacturers than it does to actually run a report and export the quality data to send them. Files processed for compression and encryption will be in the binary OpenPGP format as per OpenPGP Message Format – XXX 0000, see Part A, Section 9, reference 3 of this Specification. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. This site requires JavaScript to be enabled for complete site functionality.

Specification need

These exist not only for the food or pharmaceutical product but also for the processing machinery, quality processes, packaging, logistics , etc. and are exemplified by ISO and ISO 15609. A specification may refer to a standard which is often referenced by a contract or procurement document, or an otherwise agreed upon set of requirements . In any case, it provides the necessary details about the specific requirements. TENDER SPECIFICATION means “Specific conditions, technical specifications, appendices, site information and drawing pertaining to the work in which the tenderers are required to submit their offer. Individual specification number will be assigned to each tender specification.

definition of specification

A specification, or spec, is one of the most business critical aspects when it comes to making products. Specifications dictate what’s in the products we use, how they’re produced, and essentially, whether or not the product will meet the needs of target consumers. Specificationmeans and include the specifications as detailed in the attached herewith and Drawings attached thereto as well as samples and patterns, .


Environmentalists, who assert that nature is devalued by laws enabling corporations to reduce a species and its molecules to ownership, have leveled a variation of this criticism. They raise questions about what will happen to society when its most basic notions about the distinctions between animate and inanimate objects are blurred, as human life becomes just another commodity to be bought and sold on the open market. In exchange for this broad, exclusive right over an invention, patent holders must disclose their invention to the public in terms that are sufficient to allow others in the same field to make use of it. Once a patent is granted, it is regarded as the Personal Property of the inventor. An inventor’s property rights in an invention itself are freely transferable and assignable. Often employees who invent something in the course and scope of their employment transfer and assign their property rights in the invention to their employer.

definition of specification

Applicants for a patent, or for the reissue of a patent, whose claims have twice been rejected can bring an appeal from the final decision of the primary examiner to the Patent Office Board of Appeals and Interferences. An applicant who is dissatisfied with the decision of the board of appeals can appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit or start a civil action against the commissioner in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia within a specified period of time after the board issues its decision. The applicant is not permitted, however, to institute both a civil lawsuit and an appeal to the U.S. An inventor forfeits the right to a patent when she delays making a claim or hides the invention for an extensive period of time because such conduct unduly postpones the time that the public would be entitled to the subsequent free use of the invention.

If this happens, the original inventor has no protection because he or she did not obtain a patent. A detailed description or assessment of requirements, dimensions, materials, etc., as of a proposed building, machine, bridge, etc. A statement or enumeration of particulars, as to actual or required size, quality, performance, terms, etc. An explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by a material, product, or service. A procurement specification contains information about the physical attributes, quality, or result of the commodity you are procuring.

Architectural specification

The Housing and Building National Research Center is responsible for developing construction specifications and codes. The HBRC has published more than 15 books which cover building activities like earthworks, plastering, etc. A requirement specification is a documented requirement, or set of documented requirements, to be satisfied by a given https://globalcloudteam.com/ material, design, product, service, etc. It is a common early part of engineering design and product development processes in many fields. A specification often refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service. As of 2003 over 3 million genome-related patent applications have been filed.

The invention also must be described in sufficient detail as to enable one skilled in the field to use it for the stated purpose (sometimes called the “enablement” criterion). DNA products usually become patentable when they have been isolated, purified, or modified to produce a unique form not found in nature. One important change in U.S. patent law resulting from GATT is the duration of U.S. patents.

What does spÉcification mean?

Person, office, or agency responsible for enforcement of the specification . Acceptance testing, including performance testing requirements. Person, office, or agency responsible for questions on the specification, updates, and deviations. The Specification means the Specification annexed to or issued with G.T.C.C. and shall include the schedules & drawings attached thereto as well as all samples and pattern, if any.

Words Near Specification in the Dictionary

Many public agencies, such as the Naval Facilities Command state that the specifications overrule the drawings. This is based on the idea that words are easier for a jury to interpret than drawings in case of a dispute. These types of documents define how a specific document should be written, which may include, but is not limited to, the systems of a document naming, version, layout, referencing, structuring, appearance, language, copyright, hierarchy or format, etc. Very often, this kind of specifications is complemented by a designated template.

OTHER WORDS FROM specification

Total disclosure of the invention is mandated to allow the public to freely use the invention once the patent has expired. No patent will be granted if the description purposely omits the complete truth about the invention in order to deceive the public. When the team agrees that functional specification consensus is reached, the functional spec is typically declared “complete” or “signed off”. After this, typically the software development and testing team write source code and test cases using the functional specification as the reference.

An exact written description of an invention by an applicant for a patent. How they fail tests when there is no specification, I literally have no idea. We have a test ready to submit, we need to get our test approved, and they’re not giving us an option of how to get it approved.

And specifications are really stunning, and highlight the strengths of airships. It’s one of the worst habits of gadget makers selling on specifications. Here are some of the top questions we get about definition of specification specifications. Please reach out to us by clicking the ‘Contact Us’ button below. Specificationmeans the document/standard that prescribes the requirement with which goods or service has to conform.

Contract Specifications means the principal trading terms in CFD for each type of CFD as determined by the Company from time to time. The Contractor shall submit, concurrent with the ECP, a separate AMSAM-RD Form 525, “Specification Change Notice” , for each specification that would require revision if the ECP were approved. In charges against persons accused of military offences, they must be particularly described and clearly expressed; this is called the specification.

UK project specification types fall into two main categories prescriptive and performance. Prescriptive specifications define the requirements using generic or proprietary descriptions of what is required, whereas performance specifications focus on the outcomes rather than the characteristics of the components. A specification is a written description of the invention that includes the manner and process of creating, constructing, compounding, and using it. It should also state the practical limits of the operation of the invention. The description must be in complete, clear, concise, and precise terms to make the limits of the patent known, to protect the inventor, and to encourage the inventiveness of others by informing the public of what is still available for patent.

If the project is completed on time to specification the contractor will realize a reasonable profit. At the present time, much of the information and regulations concerning food and food products remain in a form which makes it difficult to apply automated information processing, storage and transmission methods and techniques. The converse of explicit statement of specifications is a process for dealing with observations that are out-of-specification.

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